Encoding by Short-Term Memory

What does it mean to say that short-term memory encodes something for storage in long-term memory? In very broad generalities the encoding we are interested in happens when new information is related to known information, when we form mental pictures, and when we create associations between pieces of information that are to be remembered. Encoding

Filtering by Short-Term Memory

The amount of information that our brain retains in long-term memory is amazing, but it cannot (or at least does not) retain every piece of information reported by our senses.  In large part what is retained is determined by short-term memory. Short-term memory acts as an editor (filter) to determine what information is passed along