Provided you have paid attention to a perception, for less than one-half second, that piece of information has been moved, by sensory memory, to short-term memory. That perceived piece of information has begun its journey to being learned. Remember one component of learning is to store information in long-term memory. Short-term memory is important in
Short-term memory has two major tasks:
1. It decides what information should be retained, and
2. It encodes (prepares) that information for storage in long-term memory.